Perak refers to as ‘silver’ in Malay. The name derived from the silvery colour of tin, which was a local commodity since the 1890’s. Perak has the richest alluvial deposits of tin in the world during that particular time. It is among the jewels attached to the crown of the British Empire.
However, some say that the name also comes from the ‘glimmer of fish in the water’ that sparkled like silver. Others believe that it was named after Bendahara Tun Perak of the Malacca Sultanate.
The Arab’s honourific of the state is ‘Darul Ridzuan’ or the ‘Land of Grace’.
Ipoh, the state capital of Perak is known historically for its tin mining activities until the drop of tin price, which has severely affected the state economy. The rubber commodity also played a major part in its economic development during the reign of 34 Sultans.
Perak has a constitutional monarchy, with a constitutional hereditary ruler.
Kuala Kangsar is the ‘Royal Capital’ of Perak, where the palace of the Sultan of Perak is located.
Facts about Perak
One of the 13 states in Malaysia and the fourth largest in Peninsular Malaysia, Perak is located in the north and central region of the peninsular and bounded by:
i. Thailand in the north;
ii. Kelantan and Pahang in the east;
iii. Selangor in the south;
iv. Straits of Malacca in the west and;
v. Penang and Kedah in the North West.
The climate is hot and humid throughout the year with plenty of sunshine and temperatures ranging from 22°C – 33°C with humidity often more than 82.3%. The annual rainfall is measured at 3,000mm with the rainy season expected in the months of November – January.
General Useful Information
Local Time: GMT + 8.00
Capital City: Ipoh
Population: 2.48e million
Area: 21,038 km2 (8,231 sq mi)
Languages: Malay, English, Chinese and Tamil
TV Standard: PAL
Driving: Right-hand driving system where drivers drive on the left side of the road. Valid foreign country’s driving license accompanied by a translation in English or Malay, which is confirmed by the embassy of the country of origin in Malaysia, or by the authority issuing the driving license concerned. Optionally, using an International Driving Permit (International Driving Permit-IDP) issued by the country concerned before entering Malaysia.
Electricity: 220/ 240V AC 50 Hz
Useful Contact Numbers
Area Dialling Code: +605
Emergency: 999 Police and Ambulance / 994 Fire
Police Station: 05-2451562
Local Directory Service: 103 using land line or Celcom mobile
Civil Defense: 901
Raja Permaisuri Bainun Hospital: 05-2085000
Electric Train Service (ETS): 05-2547910
Keretapi Tanah Melayu (Railway): 05-3113233
Sultan Azlan Shah Airport: 05-3188202
Airport Taxi: 05-3126897
Outstation Taxi: 05-2540241
City Taxi: 05-3132375
Ipoh Aman Jaya Bus Terminal: 05-5287899
Business and Currency
Currency: Malaysia Ringgit (MYR) (MYR 1 = 100 Sen)
Notes: MYR 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100
Coins: MYR 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Sen
* Credit cards are accepted at major hotels and shopping centres
Banks: 9.30am – 4.00pm (Mon-Fri)
Government offices: 8.00am – 5.00pm (Mon-Fri) / Rest 1.00pm – 2.00pm (Mon-Thurs) 12.15pm – 2.45pm (Fri)
Sat (Times may vary throughout the country)
1. Department of Statistics, Malaysia
2. Road Transport Department, Malaysia
3. Perak Tourism
4. Ipoh City Council
5. Perak State Official Portal
Business/Social Advice: The business community generally speaks English. Care should be taken to respect the conventions of Muslim, Buddhist, Hindu and other religious and ethnic groups, particularly in respect of clothing and footwear. In many public buildings, there are restrictions on smoking. On social occasions e.g. invitation to meals, punctuality and business dress code are expected unless otherwise indicated.